DIABETOLOGY

Abiogen Pharma provides diabetology specialists with consolidated oral therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes which are still widely prescribed thanks to the excellent safety/effectiveness ratio combined with a very competitive therapy cost.

Diabetes is a chronic illness characterized by the presence of high levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) and due to an altered quantity or function of insulin. Insulin is the hormone, produced by the pancreas, that allows glucose to enter cells and its ensuing use as source of energy. When this mechanism is altered glucose accumulates in blood circulation.

Type 1 diabetes affects approximately 10% of people suffering from diabetes and it usually starts in infancy or adolescence. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas does not produce insulin owing to the destruction of cells ß that produce this hormone: it is therefore necessary for it to be injected every day throughout the lifetime.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and represents approximately 90% of cases. Causes are as yet unknown though it is certain that the pancreas is able to produce insulin, but the cells of the organism cannot make use of it. Usually the illness manifests itself after the age of 30-40 and several risk factors have been associated to its onset including: the familiarity for diabetes, limited physical exercise, being overweight and belonging to certain ethnic groups.

Besides the therapy a key element for the control of diabetes is an adequate lifestyle including diet, physical exercise and no smoking.

The diet of the person suffering from diabetes aims at reducing the risk of complications of the diabetes and of cardiovascular illnesses by maintaining the values of glucose, of plasmatic lipids and the levels of arterial pressure as close as possible to normality. A physical activity of the aerobic type and of moderate degree is recommended to improve the glycemic control and maintain body weight. It should be distributed through at least three days a week with not more than two consecutive days without activity. As for the general population, it is advisable not to smoke and at this regard support should be provided to stop smoking as part of the treatment of diabetes.